Virus/fungal

Symptoms of herpes

The first time you get infected with herpes virus, you probably won’t get any symptoms. However, small children will often have symptoms if they become infected. These appear as blisters and ulcers on the lips and  in the mouth, malaise, fever, and eating difficulties due to mouth pain, if blisters and ulcers occur.

When reactivating the virus, the symptoms will most often appear as outbreaks of small blisters that burst and together form a large scab. 10-14 days the first symptoms have been shown, the wound will heal again itself. During treatment, this time can be shortened.

What is the reason?
Herpes simplex virus is the reason why you get herpes. Other areas, including the genitals, can also be affected by this virus. If you first have been infected, you will carry the virus for the rest of your life. Reactivation of the virus can occur for several reasons. Reduced immune system, sun, hormonal changes, or trauma can make herpes active.

Prevention and treatment
Herpes is transmitted by directly contact. Therefore it is very important that you do not touch your cold sore directly. In case of an outbreak you can cover the wound with antiviral cream, take antiviral tablets, or cover the wound with a special patch. As soon as you notice the first signs of an outbreak, treatment should begin. Remember to inform your dentist if you have herpes.

FUNGAL

Fungal disease can manifest itself on gum and oral soft tissue. It is usually seen in children and in people with low immune system.

Symptoms
Fungus in the oral cavity may look very different. It may appear as whitish coatings that can be scraped off, or red changes. The white scratchy coatings gives no symptoms, but the red changes can cause irritation and a burning feeling. In case of untreated fungal infection, it may become chronic, causing it to develop and become whitish areas that cannot be scraped off. However, these usually do not give symptoms.

Herpes (Source: Tandlægeforeningen)

The cause of oral fungus
The most frequent reason for a fungal infection is after the use of antibiotics. Antibiotics kill the bacteria in the mouth, but do not kill fungi, and the fungus thereby has the opportunity to spread. Reduced immune system, vitamin deficiency, anemia, or general illness such as diabetes can also cause a fungal infection. Other conditions that can promote the risk of fungus: Smoking, reduced saliva, other oral mucosa, eg oral lichen planus, use of prostheses, poor oral and / or prosthetic hygiene, high intake of sweet and soft drinks.


Prevention and treatment
The risk of getting fungus in the oral cavity can be reduced by following these tips:

  • Having a good oral hygiene
  • Avoid smoking.
  • If you suffer from lack of saliva, then stimulate production (chewing gum, tablets or the like).
  • Rinse mouth with water and saliva after using inhalator

 

Candida (Source: Tandlægeforeningen)