Alcohol • Drugs

Alcohol

There is no clear result in the research that confirm or deny whether alcohol has a direct effect on periodontal disease. However, the research shows that people with a high alcohol intake are more likely to have periodontal disease or signs of this (1). If it is because people with a high intake of alcohol generally have poorer oral hygiene could also be the cause. It has been found out that the desiccating effect of alcohol in the mouth increases the formation of plaque, which can thereby cause periodontal disease, or exacerbate an already active disease.

The type of alcohol is also worth looking at. A study shows that wine may have a greater effect on periodontal disease than other alcohol (2) when it comes to men. This connection was not found among women.

(1) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25684316
(2) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19040579

Methamphetamine, Meth, Speed, Ice, Chalk, Crank, Fire, Glass, Crystal

This is an addictive drug that causes high levels of neurotransmitters (norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin) to stimulate the brain cells and produces euphoria (duration 12 hours vs 1 hour for cocaine).
Side effects are nausea, vomiting, irregular heart beat, high blood pressure e.t.c.
Side effects regarding oral health are dry mouth, a craving for high calorie carbonated beverages, grinding and clenching teeth, bad oral hygiene, tooth decay and periodontal disease.